NURS 6541 Week 3 Assignment – acute otitis media SOAP Note

NURS 6541 Week 3 Assignment – acute otitis media SOAP Note

SOAP assignment

Subjective

A 4-year-old male patient’s mother stated that the child had complained of an earache. The child had only made it known to his mother after three days of discomfort. The patient says that a bug crawled into his right ear while playing in the park. The mother believes it is more of an ear infection as she has checked the patient’s ear but found no foreign objects. The patient says there are no fluttering sounds in his ear and neither is the ear blocked

Objective

Vital Signs: Ht 111cm. Wt 19.1kg, BP: 117.75, HR 84, RR 18, T 39C

General observation: no acute distress. The patient is well nourished

CV: no gallops or murmurs, RRR

MSK: full motion range in all body extremities

Abdomen: no hepatosplenomegaly, non-disteneded, non-tender, soft, bowel sounds in all four quadrants

Lungs: no wheezing, rales, rhinchi, CTAB.

Neck: non-tender and mobile, no masses, supple, right cervical lymph node 1cm palpable

HEENT: pink conjunctiva, white sclera. Ears bilateral canals are clean, pearly grey left tympanic membrane with visible bony landmarks and light reflex. Bulging and erythematous right tympanic membrane with no bony landmarks visualized and with reduced light reflex. No observation of purulent drainage. Mastoid bone has no pain on palpitation NURS 6541 Week 3 Assignment – acute otitis media SOAP Note.

Assessment

The patient has acute otitis media

Comparisons were made of the left and right ear to help in elucidating any clinical findings that were abnormal. The assessment also ruled out the possibility of:

  • Otitis media with effusion- no collection of ear fluid was observed. The patient did not have an upper respiratory infection, sore throat, or cold (Williamson, 2015)
  • Cholesteotoma: no cyst observed. Patient does not have a history of ear infection. No hearing loss was reported (Prasad, Swapanthi & Harshitha, 2018)
  • Mastoiditis: no pus excreted from the ear. No swelling behind the ear. No difficulty in hearing reported. No throbbing reported (Stergiopoulou & Walsh, 2016).

Plan

Rx: Benzocaine 20% ear drops. Every 1-2 hours as needed for managing pain

160mg/5ml Tylenol every 4-6 hours as needed to manage fever or pain

90mg/kg/day Amoxicillin bid q10

Non-pharmacological treatment: Avoid inserting objects in the ear. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) is recommended. OMT has been shown to be effective when done in combination with pharmacological treatment (Steele, Carreiro, Viola, et al., 2014).

Amoxicillin is used as the first line of treatment (Nwokoye, Egwari, & Olubi, 2015). It is essential that pain is managed. Benzocain is used as additional pain management for children aged 2 years and above.

Patient Education: Improvement of symptoms should be observed within 24-48 hours following antibiotic therapy

Follow Up: The patient should return for a check-up if the condition does not improve after 48 hours following antibiotic administration.

Reflection Notes: The child first stated that an insect had invaded its ear. Children below 4 years are known to insert foreign objects in their ears while playing or out of simple curiosity or boredom. I should have asked the patient if there had been incidences when anything got stuck in his ear. Frequent jamming of foreign objects can cause recurrent ear infections. The parent should be asked to be more observant as the child plays. The child should not be allowed to play with small-enough objects that can easily jam in the ears. In a similar situation, I would ask the patient if he had ever inserted objects in his ears prior to the hospital visit.

 

 

References

Nwokoye, N. N., Egwari, L. O., & Olubi, O. O. (2015). Occurrence of otitis media in children and assessment of treatment options. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology129(8), 779-783.

Prasad, K. C., Swapanthi, M. B., & Harshitha, T. R. (2018). Aural Atresia with Cholesteotoma and Its Management Strategies. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery70(4), 587-590.

Steele, K. M., Carreiro, J. E., Viola, J. H., Conte, J. A., & Ridpath, L. C. (2014). Effect of osteopathic manipulative treatment on middle ear effusion following acute otitis media in young children: a pilot study. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association114(6), 436-447.

Stergiopoulou, T., & Walsh, T. J. (2016). Fusobacterium necrophorum otitis and mastoiditis in infants and young toddlers. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases35(5), 735-740.

Williamson, I. (2015). Otitis media with effusion in children. BMJ clinical evidence2015.

 

Assignment 1: Practicum – SOAP Note
SOAP Note submissions are a way to reflect on your Practicum experiences and connect these experiences to your classroom experience. SOAP Notes, such as the ones required in this course, are often used in clinical settings to document patient care. Please refer to this week’s Learning Resources for guidance on writing SOAP Notes.

Select a patient who you examined during the last 3 weeks. With this patient in mind, address the following in a SOAP Note:

Subjective: What details did the patient or parent provide regarding the personal and medical history? Include any discrepancies between the details provided by the child and details provided by the parent, as well as possible reasons for these discrepancies.
Objective: What observations did you make during the physical assessment? Include pertinent positive and negative physical exam findings. Describe whether the patient presented with any growth and development or psychosocial issues.
Assessment: What were your differential diagnoses? Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses. List them from highest priority to lowest priority. What was your primary diagnosis and why?
Plan: What were your plans for diagnostics and primary diagnosis? What was your plan for treatment and management? Include pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments, alternative therapies, and follow-up parameters, as well as a rationale for this treatment and management plan.
Reflection notes: What was your “aha” moment? What would you do differently in a similar patient evaluation?

In this case, we can do 4 years old boy with flu like symptoms, otitis media.

 

Name: NURS_6541_Week3_Assignment1_Rubric

  Excellent Good Fair Poor
Subjective: CC
(1 point)
Points:1 (1.00%)
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